How relaying log messages works

Depending on your exact needs about relaying log messages, there are many scenarios and AxoSyslog options that influence how the log message will look like on the logserver. Some of the most common cases are summarized in the following example:

Consider the following example: client-host > relay > server, where the IP address of client-host is The client-host device sends a syslog message to relay. Depending on the settings of relay, the following can happen.

  • By default, the keep-hostname() option is disabled, so relay writes the IP address of the sender host (in this case, to the HOST field of the syslog message, discarding any IP address or hostname that was originally in the message.

  • If the keep-hostname() option is enabled on relay, but name resolution is disabled (the use-dns() option is set to no), relay uses the HOST field of the message as-is, which is probably

  • To resolve the IP address to a hostname on relay using a DNS server, use the keep-hostname(no) and use-dns(yes) options. If the DNS server is properly configured and reverse DNS lookup is available for the address, AxoSyslog will rewrite the HOST field of the log message to client-host.

  • The above points apply to the AxoSyslog server (server) as well, so if relay is configured properly, use the keep-hostname(yes) option on server to retain the proper HOST field. Setting keep-hostname(no) on server would result in AxoSyslog rewriting the HOST field to the address of the host that sent the message to server, which is relay in this case.

  • If you cannot or do not want to resolve the IP address on relay, but want to store your log messages on server using the IP address of the original host (that is, client-host), you can enable the spoof-source() option on relay. However, spoof-source() works only under the following conditions:

    • The syslog-ng binary has been compiled with the --enable-spoof-source option.
    • The log messages are sent using the highly unreliable UDP transport protocol. (Extremely unrecommended.)