Synopsis:in-list("</path/to/file.list>", value(""))

Description: Matches the value of the specified field to a list stored in a file, allowing you to do simple, file-based black- and whitelisting. The file must be a plain-text file, containing one entry per line.

The AxoSyslog application loads the entire file, and compares the value of the specified field (for example, ${PROGRAM}) to entries in the file. When you use the in-list() filter, note the following points:

  • Comparing the values is case-sensitive.
  • Only exact matches are supported, partial and substring matches are not.
  • If you modify the list file, reload the configuration of AxoSyslog for the changes to take effect.
  • Make sure that there is an empty line in the file after the last entry. If the last entry is the last line, it will be excluded from the list.

Available in AxoSyslog 3.5 and later.

Example: Selecting messages using the in-list() filter

Create a text file that contains the programs (as in the ${PROGRAM} field of their log messages) you want to select. For example, you want to forward only the logs of a few applications from a host: kernel, sshd, and sudo. Create the /etc/syslog-ng/programlist.list file with the following contents. Note the empty line after the last entry.


The following filter selects only the messages of the listed applications:

   filter f_whitelist { in-list("/etc/syslog-ng/programlist.list", value("PROGRAM")); };

Create the appropriate sources and destinations for your environment, then create a log path that uses the previous filter to select only the log messages of the applications you need:

   log {
        destination(d_logserver); };

To create a blacklist filter, simply negate the in-list() filter:

   filter f_blacklist { not in-list("/etc/syslog-ng/programlist.list", value("PROGRAM")); };